Ready for the hottest day of the year so far?

Ready for the hottest day of the year so far? »Play Video
Sally Spencer, of Portland, cools off in a fountain Friday, Aug. 3, 2012, in Portland, Ore. The National Weather Service says many Washington and Oregon residents this weekend will feel the hot weather that has been broiling much of the rest of the country. A combination of high pressure and offshore flow will push temperatures into the 80s, 90s and even 100s in some areas. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)

PORTLAND, Ore. - It's about to get pretty hot in our neck of the woods - the hottest it's been all year.

The forecast high Saturday in Eugene is 99 F.

A lot of folks will likely head outdoors to enjoy the sunshine without knowing they are in peril: heat kills more Americans every year than earthquakes, lightning, floods, hurricanes and tornadoes combined, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Here are some tips for staying healthy in the heat:

Drink Enough Water

Avoid overheating. Dehydration is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on how much of the body's fluid is lost or not replenished.  Stay hydrated.

Our bodies are comprised of 70% fluid and without maintaining regular water intake, we can get into serious trouble. Our bodies need more than the normal 8 cups of water a day when it's hot outside. Increase water intake even more if you are working, exercising or playing when it's hot out. 

When severe, dehydration can lead to a life-threatening emergency also known as heat stroke. Heat emergencies fall into three categories of increasing severity: heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke, a life-threatening condition.

Heat illnesses are easily preventable by taking precautions in hot weather.

Children, elderly, and obese people have a higher risk of developing heat illness. People taking certain medications or drinking alcohol also have a higher risk. However, even a top athlete in superb condition can succumb to heat illness if he or she ignores the warning signs.

If the problem isn't addressed, heat cramps (caused by loss of salt from heavy sweating) can lead to heat exhaustion (caused by dehydration), which can progress to heatstroke. Heatstroke, the most serious of the three, can cause shock, brain damage, organ failure, and even death.

Heat stroke can be a life-threatening condition.

Skin Protection

Too much sun can hurt! Protect the skin from the direct sun by wearing large brim hats, long sleeve/ long pants - lightweight clothing and use sunscreen. Another great option is to seek shade under a tree in one of our many great parks.
 
Food Poisoning Prevention

Keep hot foods hot and cold foods cold. When hot foods cool & cold foods get lukewarm, bacteria thrive. This is especially challenging in the heat of summer as food tend to migrate towards the DANGER zone where bacteria can grow very quickly in the exposed food, especially foods with mayonnaise, milk, eggs and meat.