EUGENE, Ore. -- The American Heart Association says nearly 400,000 people go into cardiac arrest every year outside of the hospital.
Almost 90 percent die because they don't get immediate CPR on the scene.
"The number one reason people don't do CPR is because they're afraid of doing it wrong. People can't remember the venthilation to compression ratio. It's been years since they've learned or they simply forget and they're scared of hurting a patient," said firefighter-paramedic Joshua Moore from the Eugene Fire Department.
Moore and others in the medical community say a new form of CPR called hands only CPR, or compression only CPR, which increases your survival rate by three times, compared to mouth to mouth rususcitation CPR.
Moore says there are three simple steps that everyone should know. First, check to see if the person is responsive or in cardiac arrest. If they are, or even if you're not sure, call 911 and then immediately begin chest compressions by putting the heel of your hand over the chest of the nipples. Compress their chest down two inches at the rate of 100 compressions per minute.
"With our old CPR, which we were doing until six months ago...actually was killing people. The time you stop to breathe in a patient, you don't get enough oxygen to the brain," said Dr. Geoffrey Simmons of Peacehealth Medical Center.
It's based on the principle that the brain needs blood and oxygen flow immediately. With mouth-to-mouth, compression CPR, Moore and Simmons says it wastes precious time. Simmons says when you do compressions, oxygen goes to the brain, which is vital to survival.
Simmons says hands only CPR is a "spectacular change" that is easier for everyone to remember, and saves more lives up to 80 percent. "Some of these folks who survive cardiac arrest in the old days have major brain damage," said Simmons. "These folks don't. They walk out of the hospital."
Moore spearheads a community education program called ACT:C3 which teaches people about compression only CPR. He has taught various community groups including National Honor Society members from local high schools, Greek Life at the University of Oregon, and all 7th graders in the Springfield School District.
He hopes to teach more people about compression only CPR. For more information about compression only CPR, visit the following websites: